Virtual Teams

Section Editor: Robert Davison

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[Introduction] [Resources] [The Americas] [Africa, Europe and the Middle East] [Asia and Australia]

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Introduction to the Virtual Teams Page

In September, 2001, we sent an email to ISWORLD where we expressed an interest in contacting people interested in virtual teams, primarily in the educational context. Some 45 people responded within a couple of weeks. Our original intent was to identify these people so that we could facilitate mutually beneficial virtual team projects of students (undergraduate or (post) graduate) between countries (global virtual teams). Given the enthusiasm of the response, we decided subsequently that it would be most appropriate to organise the responses in the form of an ISWORLD web page - which is what you are reading now. The current structure relies on geographical distribution, but as the number of entries grows, we may explore other structures. 

This page is primarily designed to be a resource where people who are interested in Virtual Teams in academic contexts (primarily with student participants) can obtain details of ongoing VT projects, read about other interested VT researchers and practitioners, and identify materials relevant to VT more generally. 

This page is fundamentally a product of virtual, collaborative work. All the materials here were contributed by people who are eager to know more about VT, to work with others on VT projects. If you would like to be listed here, please email me - enclosing at minimum one paragraph to introduce yourself, your interest, your contact details. See the descriptions by others as a guideline.

NB: Some of the entries here come from original emails that were sent after the initial call for statements of interest. Some have been revised subsequently. Others were written specifically for the web page. We have made small editorial changes to ensure clarity. If you would like to revise your own entry at any time, please let me know. If you would like to be listed on these pages, or indeed if you have other suggestions for organisation of the material here, again, please let me know.


This section is recognised as being very much incomplete. Recommendations on materials to include, or external websites that already contain such material, will be very much welcomed.

Web Sites

»Virtual Teams
»Virtual Teams Research

Chris Kimble from the University of York, UK, has provided the following websites:

»Distributed Team Work
»Virtual Teams
»Virtual Organisations
»Virtual Communities


» Ahuja, M. (1999) Knowledge Sharing in Virtual Organizations, in: Coakes, E., Lloyd-Jones, R. and Willis, D. (Eds) The Socio-Technical Revival, Springer-Verlag, New York.
» Ahuja, M. and Carley, K. (1999) Network Structure in Virtual Organizations, Organization Science, 10, 6, 741-747. [Also available in JCMC, 3, 4.]
» Boudreau, M., Loch, K.D., Robey, D. and Straub, D. (1998) Going Global: Using Information Technology to Advance the Competitiveness of the Virtual Transnational Organization, Academy of Management Executive, 12, 4, 120-128.
» Carmel, E. (1999) Global Software Teams: Collaborating Across Borders and Time Zones, Prentice Hall.
» Clear, T. (1998) A Generic Collaborative Database - Part of a Strategy to Internationalise the Curriculum and Develop Teamwork and Communication Capabilities, in The 3rd Annual Conference On Integrating Technology Into Computer Science - ITICSE'98. Dublin City University Ireland: ACM.
» Clear, T. (1999) International Collaborative Learning - The Facilitation Process. in ED-MEDIA '99 - World Conference on Educational Multimedia, Hypermedia and Telecommunications. 1999. Seattle, Washington: AACE. Online at  pp. 53-58.
» Clear, T. (1999) A Collaborative Learning Trial between New Zealand and Sweden - Using Lotus Notes Domino in Teaching the Concepts of Human Computer Interaction. in The 4th Annual Conference On Innnovation & Technology In Computer Science Education. 1999. Cracow Poland: ACM.
» Clear, T. and Daniels, M. (2000) Using Groupware For International Collaborative Learning, in: The 30th American Society for Engineering Education/Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Frontiers in Education Conference. Kansas, Missouri: IEEE. Online at
» Clear, T. and Daniels, M. (2001) A Cybericebreaker for an Effective Virtual Group? in The 6th Annual Conference On Innovation and Technology In Computer Science Education (ITiCSE). 2001. University of Canterbury, Kent: ACM.
» Clear, T. (2001) E-learning or e-Lemmings? Who pipes the tune? in WebNet 2001-World Conference on the WWW and Internet. Orlando, Florida: AACE.
» Clear, T. (2001)  Using Web Based Groupware for Active Student Feedback in the Learning Environment. NZ Journal of Applied Computing & IT, 5(1): p.14-18.
» Davison, R.M., Fuller, M. and Hardin, A. (2003) E-Consulting in Virtual Negotiations, Group Decision and Negotiation, 12, 6, 517-535.
» Fritz, M.B., Narasimhan, S. and Rhee, H.-S. (1998) Communication and Coordination in the Virtual Office, Journal of MIS, 14, 4, 7-28.
» Galvin, J. and Ahuja, M. (in press) Am I Doing What's Expected?: An Analysis of New Member Socialization in Virtual Organizations, in: Chidambaram, L. and Zigurs, I. (Eds.), Our Virtual World: The Transformation of Work, Play and Life via Technology, Idea Group Publishing.
» Geber, B. (1995) Virtual Teams, Training, 32, 4, 36-42.
» Jarvenpaa, S.L. and Leidner, D.E. (1998) Communication and Trust in Global Virtual Teams, Journal of Computer Mediated Communication, 3, 4.
» Jarvenpaa, S.L., Knoll, K. and Leidner, D.E. (1998) Is Anybody Out There? Antecedents of Trust in Global Virtual Teams, Journal of Management Information Systems, 14, 4, 29-64.
» Kimble, C., Li, F. and Barlow, A. Effective Virtual Teams through Communities of Practice, 
» Lipnack, J. and Stamps, J. (1997) Virtual Teams - Reaching Across Space, Time and Organizations with Technology, John Wiley & Sons: New York.
» Majchrzak, A., Rice, E.R., Malhotra, A. and King, N. (2000) Technology Adaptation: The Case of a Computer-Supported Inter-Organizational Virtual Teams, MIS Quarterly, 24, 4, 569-599.
» Malhotra, A., Majchrzak, A., Carman, R. and Lott, V. (2001) Radical Innovation Without Collocation: A Case Study at Boeing-Rocketdyne, MIS Quarterly, 25, 2, 229-249.
» Maznevski, M.L. and Chudoba, K.M. (2000) Bridging Space Over Time: Global Virtual Team Dynamics and Effectiveness, Organization Science, 11, 5, 473-492.
»  Panteli, N. and Davison, R.M. (2005) The Role of Subgroups in the Communication Patterns of Global Virtual Teams, IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, forthcoming.
» Platt, R. and Page, D. (2001) Managing the Virtual Team: Critical Skills and Knowledge for Successful Performance, in: Johnson, N. (Ed.) Telecommuting and Virtual Offices: Issues and Opportunities, Idea Group Publishing, Hershey, PA.
» Rossen, E. (2001) Trust in Virtual Teams, Proceedings of the World Multiconference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatics, Orlando, 8, 288-293.
» Rossi de Mio, R. (2002a). On Defining Virtual Emotional Intelligence. In Proceeding of the 10th European Conference on Information Systems (ECIS2002), pp. 1124-1133, Gdnask.
» Rossi de Mio, R. (2002b). Emotional Intelligence in Virtual and Face-to-Face Communication: A Pilot Laboratory Experiment. In Proceeding of European Conference on Information and Communication Technology Advances and Innovation in the Knowledge Society (eSMART2002), Manchester. (To appear)
» Townsend, A.M., DeMarie, S.M. and Hendrickson, A.R. (1998) Virtual Teams: Technology and the Workplace of the Future, Academy of Management Executive, 12, 3, 17-29.
» Vogel, D.R., Davison, R.M. and Shroff, R.H. (2001) Sociocultural Learning: A Perspective on GSS-Enabled Global Education, Communications of the AIS, 7, 9, 1-41.
» Vogel, D.R., Davison, R.M., Shroff, R. and Qureshi, S. (2000) Sociocultural Learning in Globally Distributed Teams, Working Paper 00/03, Department of Information Systems, City University of Hong Kong.
» Warkentin, M. E., Sayeed, L. and Hightower, R. (1997) Virtual Teams versus Face-to-Face Teams: An Exploratory Study of a Web-based Conference System, Decision Sciences, 28, 4, 975-995.

Last updated January 6th, 2005.