Prof. LEUNG Kwok (梁覺)

Chair Professor of Management

Prof. LEUNG Kwok (梁覺)

Contact Information

Phone: +852 34429592
Fax: +852 34420367
Personal Web:

Research Areas

  • Human resource management
  • Organizational behaviour
  • International Management
  • Cross-Cultural Research Methods

Kwok Leung obtained his Ph.D. in social and organizational psychology from University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, and is currently a chair professor of management at City University of Hong Kong. His research areas include justice and conflict, creativity, international business, and social axioms. He has published several books and over 100 academic articles. He is a past president of International Association for Cross-Cultural Psychology, and a fellow of Academy of International Business and Association for Psychological Science.

Selected Publications

Journal Articles
  • Lai, X., Li, F., & Leung, K. (2013), "A Monte Carlo study of the effects of common method variance on significance testing and parameter bias in hierarchical linear modeling.", Organizational Research Methods, 16, 2, 243-269.
  • Li, P. P., Leung, K., Chen, C. C., & Luo, J.-D. (2012), "Indigenous research on Chinese management: What and how", Management and Organization Review, 8, 1, 7-24.
  • Leung, K., Huang, K. L., Su, C. H., & Lu, L. (2011), "Curvilinear relationships between role stress and innovative performance: Moderating effects of perceived support for innovation.", Journal of Organizational and Occupational Psychology, 84, 4, 741-758.
  • Leung, K., Bhagat, R. S., Buchan, N. R., Erez, M., & Gibson, C. B. (2011), "Beyond national culture and culture-centricism: A reply to Gould and Grein (2009) ", Journal of International Business Studies, 42, 1, 177-181.
  • Lin, X, & Leung, K. (2010), "Differing effects of coping strategies on mental health during prolonged unemployment: A longitudinal analysis", Human Relations, 63, 637-665.
  • Sia, C. L., Lim, K. H., Leung, K., Lee, M. K. O., Huang, W., & Benbasat, I. (2009), "Web strategies to promote internet shopping: Is cultural-customization needed?", MIS Quarterly, 33, 3, 491-512.
  • Leung, K (2008), "Chinese culture, modernization, and international business", International Business Review, 17, 184-187.
  • Leung, K , Tong, K K and Lind, E A (March 2007), "Realpolitik versus Fair Process: Moderating Effects of Group Identification on Acceptance of Political Decisions", Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 92, No. 3, pp. 476-489.
  • Leung, K , Au, A, Huang, X, Kurman, J, Niit, T and Niit, K K (January 2007), "Social Axioms and Values: A Cross-Cultural Examination", European Journal of Personality, Vol. 21, pp. 91-111.
  • Kim, T. Y., & Leung, K (2007), "Forming and reacting to overall fairness: A cross-cultural comparison", Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 104, 83-95.
  • Lu, L, Leung, K and Koch, P T (2006), "Managerial Knowledge Sharing: The Role of Individual, Interpersonal, and Organizational Factors", Management and Organization Review, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 15-41.
  • Leung, K, Bhagat, R S, Buchan, N R, Erez, M and Gibson, C B (2005), "Culture and International Business: Recent Advances and Their Implications for Future Research", Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 36, No. 4, pp. 357-378.
  • Lim, K, Leung, K, Sia, C L and Lee, M (November 2004), "Is E-Commerce Boundary-less? Effects of Individualism-Collectivism and Uncertainty Avoidance on Internet Shopping", Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 35, No. 6, pp. 545-559.
  • Leung, K, Tong, K K and Ho, S S Y, (June 2004), "Effects of Interactional Justice on Egocentric Bias in Resource Allocation Decisions", Journal of Applied Psychology, Vol. 89, No. 3, pp. 405-415.
  • Bond, M H, Leung, K, Au, A, Tong, K K and Chemonges-Nielson, Z (2004), "Combining Social Axioms with Values in Predicting Social Behaviors", European Journal of Personality, Vol. 18, No. 3, pp. 177-191.
  • Bond, M H, Leung, K, et al. (2004), "Culture-Level Dimensions of Social Axioms and their Correlates across 41 Cultures", Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol. 35, No. 5, pp. 548-570.
  • Leung, K and Bond, M H (2004), "Social Axioms: A Model for Social Beliefs in Multi-Cultural Perspective", Advances in Experimental Social Psychology, San Diego, CA: Academic press, USA, Vol. 36, pp. 119-197.
  • Morris, M W, Leung, K and lyengar, S S (2004), "Person Perception in the Heat of Conflict: Negative Trait Attributions Affect Procedural Preferences and Account for Situational and Cultural Differences", Asian Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp. 127-147.
  • Leung, K, Bond, M H, Reimel De Carrasquel, S, Munoz, C, Hernandez, M, Murakami, F, Yamaguchi, S, Bierbrauer, G and Singelis, T M (May 2002), "Social Axioms: The Search for Universal Dimensions of General Beliefs About How the World Functions", Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, Vol. 33, No. 3, pp. 286-302.
  • Kwong, J Y Y and Leung, K (March 2002), "A Moderator of the Interaction Effect of Procedural Justice and Outcome Favorability: Importance of the Relationship", Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Vol. 87, No. 2, pp. 278-299.
  • Leung, K, Tremain, K P and Lu, L (2002), "A Dualistic Model of Harmony and its Implications for Conflict Management in Asia", Asia Pacific Journal of Management, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 201-220.
  • Poon, W Y, Leung, K and Lee, S Y (2002), "The Comparison of Single Item Constructs by Relative Mean and Relative Variance", Organizational Research Methods, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp. 275-298.
  • Tong, K K and Leung, K (2002), "Tournament as a Motivational Strategy: Extension to Dynamic Situations with Uncertain Duration", Journal of Economic Psychology, Vol. 23, No. 3, pp. 399-420.
  • Van De Vijver, F J R and Leung, K (December 2001), "Personality in Cultural Context: Methodological Issues", Journal of Personality, Vol. 69, No. 6, pp. 1007-1032.
  • Leung, K, Wang, Z M and Smith, P B (September 2001), "Job Attitudes and Organizational Justice in Joint Venture Hotels in China: The Role of Expatriate Managers", International Journal of Human Resource Management, Vol. 12, No. 6, pp. 926-945.
  • Leung, K, Su, S K and Morris, M W (2001), "When Is Criticism Not Constructive? The Roles of Fairness Perceptions and Dispositional Attributions in Employee Acceptance of Critical Supervisory Feedback", Human Relations, Vol. 54, No. 9, pp. 1155-1187.
  • Brockner, J, Chen, Y R, Mannix, E A, Leung, K and Skarlicki, D P (2000), "Culture and Procedural Fairness: When the Effects of What You Do Depend on How You Do it", Administrative Science Quarterly, USA, Vol. 45, No. 1, pp. 138-159.
  • Morris M, Leung K, Ames D and Lickel B (1999), "Incorporating Perspectives from Inside and Outside Synergy Between Emic and Etic Research on Culture and Justice", Academy of Management Review, Vol. 24, pp. 781-796.
  • Morris, M W, Williams, K Y, Leung, K, Bhatnagar, D, Li, J F, Kondo, M, Luo, J L and Hu, J C (1998), "Conflict Management Style: Accounting for Cross-National Differences", Journal of International Business Studies, Vol. 29, No. 4, pp. 729-748.
Editorials for Journal Articles / Papers
Books and Book Chapters
  • Leung, K, & Bond, M. H. (2008), "Psycho-logic and Eco-logic: Insights from Social Axiom Dimensions", In F. van de Vijver, D. van Hemert, & Y. P. Poortinga (Eds.), Individuals and cultures in multilevel analysis (pp. 197-219), Mahwah, New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
  • Leung, K and Van de Vijver, F J R (2006), "Cross-Cultural Research Methodology", In F. Leong & J. Austin (Eds.), Psychology Research Handbook: A Guide for Graduate Students and Research Assistants (Second Edition), Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, pp. 443-454.
  • Leung, K, and White, S (2005), "Exploring Dark Corners: An Agenda for Organizational Behavior Research in Alliance Contexts", In O. Shenkar and J. J. Reuer (Eds.), Handbook of Strategic Alliance, Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, pp. 199-218.
  • Leung, K and Su, S. K (2004), "Experimental Methods for Research on Culture and Management", In B. J. Punnett and O. Shenkar (Eds.). Handbook for International Management Research (2nd Edition), Blackwell, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA, pp. 68-95.
  • Leung, K and White, S (2004), "Taking Stock and Charting a Path for Asian Management Research", In K Leung and S White (Eds.), Handbook of Asian Management, Boston, MA: Kluwar, USA, pp. 3-18.
  • Leung, K and Tong, K K (2004), "Justice across Cultures: A Three-Stage Model for Intercultural Negotiation", In M. Gelfand and J. Brett (Eds.), The Handbook of Negotiation and Culture, Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press., USA, pp. 313-333.
  • Tjosvold, D and Leung, K (2004), "Leadership in Asia-Pacific: Managing Relationship for Teamwork and Change", World Scientific Publishing, Singapore.
  • Leung, K (2004), "How Generalizable are Justice Effects across Cultures?", In J. Greenberg, & J. A. Colquitt (Eds.), Handbook of Organizational Justice, Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, USA, pp. 555-586.
  • Leung, K, Au, A and Leung, B W C (2004), "Creativity and innovation: East-West comparisons with an emphasis on Chinese societies", In S. Lau, A. N. N. Hui, & G. Y. C. Ng (Eds.), Creativity: When East Meets West, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, pp. 113-135.
  • Leung, K, and Tjosvold, D. W (Eds.) (1998), "Conflict Management in Asia Pacific Rim", Wiley, Singapore.
  • Van de Vijver, F, and Leung, K (1997), "Methods and Data Analysis for Cross-Cultural Research", Sage, California.